Wednesday, December 23, 2015
When responding to an emergency, firefighters do tasks assigned by a superior officer. They might be responsible for connecting hoses to hydrants, operating pumps to power the hoses, climbing ladders, or using tools to break through debris. Other firefighters might be responsible for providing medical attention. Most calls firefighters respond to are medical, not fire, emergencies. Firefighters’ duties may change several times while they are at the scene of an emergency. In some cases, they might remain at disaster scenes for days, rescuing trapped survivors and assisting with medical treatment. Firefighters may specialize in responding to forest fires or hazardous materials incidents. Entry-level firefighters receive several weeks of training at fire academies run by the department or by the state. Through classroom instruction and practical training, recruits study fire-fighting and fire-prevention techniques, local building codes, and emergency medical procedures. They also learn how to fight fires with standard equipment, including axes, chain saws, fire extinguishers, and ladders.
Tuesday, December 22, 2015
Financial managers are responsible for the financial health of an organization. They produce financial reports, direct investment activities, and develop strategies and plans for the long-term financial goals of their organization. Since computer software makes some of those tasks more accessible to non-experts, but they now do more data analysis and advise senior managers on ideas to maximize profits. They often work on teams, acting as business advisors to top executives. Financial managers also do tasks that are specific to their organization or industry. For example, government financial managers must be experts on government appropriations and budgeting processes, and healthcare financial managers must know about issues in healthcare finance. Moreover, financial managers must be aware of special tax laws and regulations that affect their industry.
Monday, December 21, 2015
Veterinarians care for the health of animals. They diagnose, treat, or research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and animals in zoos, racetracks, and laboratories. Veterinarians must complete a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M. or V.M.D.) degree at an accredited college of veterinary medicine. There are currently 28 colleges with accredited programs. A veterinary medicine program generally takes 4 years to complete and includes classroom, laboratory, and clinical components.
Friday, December 18, 2015
The field of marine biology -- the study of marine organisms, their behaviors, and their interactions with the environment -- is considered one of the most all-encompassing fields of oceanography. To understand marine organisms and their behaviors completely, marine biologists must have a basic understanding of other aspects or "disciplines" of oceanography, such as chemical oceanography, physical oceanography, and geological oceanography. Therefore, marine biologists and biological oceanographers study these other fields throughout their careers, enabling them to take a "big picture" approach to doing research.
Thursday, December 17, 2015
Human resources specialists recruit, screen, interview, and place workers. They also may handle human resources work in a variety of other areas, such as employee relations, payroll and benefits, and training. Many specialists are trained in all human resources disciplines and do tasks throughout all areas of the department. In addition to recruiting and placing workers, these specialists help guide employees through all human resources procedures and answer questions about policies. They often administer benefits, process payroll, and handle any associated questions or problems. They also ensure that all human resources functions comply with federal, state, and local regulations. Most positions require a bachelor’s degree. When hiring a human resources generalist, for example, most employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor’s degree in human resources, business, or a related field.
Wednesday, December 16, 2015
If you thought a career in sales translated into a life of selling shoes and knocking on doors, think again. While being motivated, outgoing and willing to roll up your sleeves are critical to success in the profession, sales jobs span nearly every industry, from agribusiness and pharmaceuticals, to telecommunications and property management. Typical college majors are related to marketing and business.
Tuesday, December 15, 2015
Financial analysts evaluate investment opportunities. They work in banks, pension funds, mutual funds, securities firms, insurance companies, and other businesses. They are also called securities analysts and investment analysts. Financial analysts can be divided into two categories: buy side analysts and sell side analysts. Buy side analysts develop investment strategies for companies that have a lot of money to invest. These companies, called institutional investors, include mutual funds, hedge funds, insurance companies, independent money managers, and nonprofit organizations with large endowments, such as some universities. Sell side analysts advise financial services sales agents who sell stocks, bonds, and other investments. Some analysts work for the business media and are impartial, falling into neither the buy side nor the sell side. Financial analysts generally focus on trends affecting a specific industry, geographical region, or type of product. For example, an analyst may focus on a subject area such as the energy industry, a world region such as Eastern Europe, or the foreign exchange market. They must understand how new regulations, policies, and political and economic trends may affect investments.
Monday, December 14, 2015
Special effects technicians are primarily employed by the motion picture and video industries. The term 'special effects technician' can refer to a broad range of positions in both the production and post-production stages. Technicians may have specialized knowledge in one or more areas, including animation, effects make-up, lighting design and audio engineering.
Friday, December 11, 2015
Large restaurants and food service establishments tend to have varied menus and large kitchen staffs. Teams of restaurant cooks, sometimes called assistant or line cooks, work at assigned stations equipped with the necessary types of stoves, grills, pans, and ingredients. Professional culinary institutes, industry associations, and trade unions sponsor formal apprenticeship programs for cooks, in coordination with the U.S. Department of Labor. Typical apprenticeships last 2 years and combine technical training and work experience. The American Culinary Federation accredits more than 200 formal academic training programs and sponsors apprenticeship programs around the country.
Thursday, December 10, 2015
2015 CONGRESSIONAL APP CHALLENGE HIGH SCHOOLS INVITATION
December 8, 2015
I am writing to invite all high school students from the Seventh Congressional District of Maryland to participate in the second annual Congressional App Challenge.
Established by Members of the U.S. House of Representatives in 2013, this competition is a nationwide event intended to engage students’ creativity and encourage their participation in STEM fields. This competition allows students to compete with peers in their own district by creating and exhibiting their software application, or “app”, for mobile, tablet, or computer devices on a platform of their choice.
Students may compete as individuals or in teams of up to four. Students entering the competition must submit their app’s source code online by midnight on January 15, 2016 EST, as well as provide a video demo explaining their app and what they learned through this competition process.
Eligible competition participants must be high school students who reside in the Seventh Congressional District of Maryland or high school students who attend a high school located in the Seventh Congressional District of Maryland. Individuals submitting on behalf of teams must meet the eligibility requirements for individual contestants. In addition, participants must be at least 13 years old as of November 9, 2015. Participants may compete individually or in teams of up to 4 students. If students attend a high school outside of their home congressional district, they may compete in either their home district or their school district.
If students participate as a team, 2 members of the team must be from the same district. Finally, a student may only submit one application, either as an individual or as part of a team. Students may only submit an app in one district.
Students can learn about the Congressional App Challenge by visiting http://www.congressionalappchallenge.us/. Students can register to participate in the Congressional App Challenge by visiting my Congressional App Challenge website https://www.challenge.gov/challenge/congressional-app-challenge-md-07-rep-cummings/ and completing the entry form. After completing the entry form, students must visit my Challenge.gov website to complete your competition registration, submit your app and submit a demonstration video. From November 9, 2015 to January 15, 2016 students entering the competition must provide a demonstration video explaining their app and what they learned through this competition process.
I have enclosed the Congressional App Challenge Contest Guidelines, a list of STEM Resources for Students & Teachers and a Congressional App Challenge flyer. Students must adhere to the rules of the competition.
The apps will be judged by a panel of local judges who work within the academic, software and entrepreneurial fields. The app of the winning student or team in each participating congressional district will be featured on the U.S. House of Representatives’ website (www.house.gov) and displayed in a U.S. Capitol exhibit.
For additional details, please visit http://www.congressionalappchallenge.us/.
I hope your students will participate in this exciting competition. Should you have any questions, please contact my Special Assistant, Ms. Philisha Lane, in my Baltimore District Office at (410) 685-9199.
Elijah E. Cummings
Member of Congress
Ms. Philisha K. LaneSpecial Projects and Constituent Resources Manager
Office of Congressman Elijah E. Cummings (MD-07)
1010 Park Avenue, Suite 105
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Phone: (410) 685-9199
Fax: (410) 685-9399
Office of Congressman Elijah E. Cummings (MD-07)
1010 Park Avenue, Suite 105
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Phone: (410) 685-9199
Fax: (410) 685-9399
Flyer and Guidelines
How have your opinions about school been shaped by an experience - either positive or negative - that you had with a teacher in elementary school? In either case, our future is largely dependent upon how teachers prepare and inspire children in the primary school years for the road ahead. Elementary educators need to be very patient and organized, and have a passion for their career. Like all fields, education undergoes changes from time to time, and effective teachers need to be prepared to grow with the industry. You will be required to obtain a bachelor's degree in elementary education, and renewing your license will also require professional development.
Wednesday, December 9, 2015
If there’s one rule of thumb that should apply to the work force, it’s this: Pleasant jobs call for pleasant people. And as of late, one industry needs friendly folks more than ever. A Hotel general manager's Responsibilities include Directing everything involved in the operation and financial result of the property; creating standards for personnel administration and performance, service to patrons, room rates, advertising, publicity and food selection. Becoming a hospitality manager usually requires at least a two-year associates degree.
Tuesday, December 8, 2015
Executive chefs, head cooks, and chefs de cuisine are primarily responsible for overseeing the operation of a kitchen. They coordinate the work of sous chefs and other cooks, who prepare most of the meals. Executive chefs also have many duties beyond the kitchen. They design the menu, review food and beverage purchases, and often train employees. Some executive chefs are primarily occupied by administrative tasks and spend little time in the kitchen. A growing number of chefs and head cooks receive formal training at community colleges, technical schools, culinary arts schools, and 2-year or 4-year institutions. Students in culinary programs spend most of their time in kitchens practicing their cooking skills. These programs cover all aspects of kitchen work, including menu planning, food sanitation procedures, and purchasing and inventory methods. Most formal training programs also require students to get experience in a commercial kitchen through an internship, apprenticeship, or out-placement program.
Monday, December 7, 2015
Jacques Steinberg of the New York Times once described admissions counseling like this: "You travel, you do public speaking, you do one-on-one counseling, you plan events, and you sit by yourself and read for hours on end." Being an entry-level admissions counselor requires many tasks, all aimed at one goal: to recruit and select the most appropriate students for your institution. Admissions counselors work as members of a team, and use knowledge of sales, customer service, sociology, psychology, and even grief counseling at times. The level of responsibility increases with one's experience and education.
Friday, December 4, 2015
Industrial designers develop the concepts for manufactured products, such as cars, home appliances, and toys. They combine art, business, and engineering to make products that people use every day. Industrial designers focus on the user experience in creating style and function for a particular gadget or appliance. A bachelor’s degree in industrial design, architecture, or engineering is usually required for entry-level industrial design jobs. Most design programs include the courses that industrial designers need in design: sketching, computer-aided design and drafting (CADD), industrial materials and processes, and manufacturing methods.
Thursday, December 3, 2015
Healthcare professionals use many types of diagnostic equipment to diagnose patients. Radiologic technologists specialize in x-ray, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment. They may be called CT technicians or MRI technicians, depending on the equipment they work with. Technologists may be certified in multiple specialties. There are formal training programs in radiography that lead to a certificate, an associate’s degree, or a bachelor’s degree. Associate’s degree programs are the most common. Certificate programs typically last 6 to 12 months. Typical programs include both classroom training and clinical training. Coursework includes anatomy, pathology, patient care, radiation physics and protection, and image evaluation.
Wednesday, December 2, 2015
How comfortable are you with reading? How persuasive can you be in written and spoken form? How is your attention to detail? Successful attorneys are able to perfectly craft their legal arguments in order to best represent their clients, and must stay well informed of all related current and previously decided court cases in order to do so. Many attorneys don't actually work in the courtroom like we see in primetime dramas, but the occupation can be very gratifying if you choose a legal specialization that is meaningful for you. Becoming a lawyer requires a three-year law degree beyond your four-year college degree.
Tuesday, December 1, 2015
Every time you watch the news or listen to the radio, you are absorbing the work of many individuals, but the most visible members of that team are the on-air talent. These professionals typically have degrees in journalism or communications, and have worked several years behind the sound board or camera, and/or worked on-air for several years in a remote geographic area that does not have as large a market share - or viewing or listening base - as major metropolitan areas.
Monday, November 30, 2015
Insurance sales agents help insurance companies generate new business by contacting potential customers and selling one or more types of insurance. An agent explains various insurance policies and helps clients choose plans that suit them. An increasing number of insurance sales agents offer their clients comprehensive financial planning services, especially for clients approaching retirement. These services include retirement planning, estate planning, and help in setting up pension plans for businesses. In addition to offering insurance, these agents may become licensed to sell mutual funds, variable annuities, and other securities. This practice is most common with life insurance agents who already sell annuities, but many property and casualty agents also sell financial products. More than one-third of insurance sales agents have a bachelor’s degree. Public speaking classes can be useful in improving sales techniques, and often agents will have taken courses in business, finance, or economics. Business knowledge is also helpful for sales agents hoping to advance to a managerial position.
Wednesday, November 25, 2015
Fitness trainers and instructors lead, instruct, and motivate individuals or groups in exercise activities, including cardiovascular exercise (exercises for the heart and blood system), strength training, and stretching. They work with people of all ages and skill levels. Employers prefer to hire certified fitness trainers and instructors. Personal trainers are often required to be certified to begin working with clients or with members of a gym or other type of health club. Group fitness instructors may be allowed to begin without certification, but employers often encourage or require them to become certified.
Tuesday, November 24, 2015
Every time you visit a museum or library or read historical research, you can bet that a curator was responsible for organizing, compiling, and indexing the artifacts that you find. Curators usually have bachelor's degree in something broad like anthropology or history, and also masters' degrees in fields like library science. Curators are passionate about advancing knowledge and believe in the merit of preserving the integrity of artifacts and documents.
Monday, November 23, 2015
In professional acting, an artist takes on roles that are assigned to him or her on screen or on stage. Actors get paid to portray characters that have existed in the screenwrighter's or playwright's imagination in a way that a director envisions them. Actors can work in commercials, plays, television shows, or movies, and are responsible to memorize lines anywhere form a few lines to over an hour. You should have some formal training, which prepares you for the audition for a theater arts major, and aspiring actors should be willing to work several years before getting their big break.
Friday, November 20, 2015
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers—often referred to as HVACR technicians—work on heating, ventilation, cooling, and refrigeration systems that control the air quality in many types of buildings. Heating and air conditioning systems control the temperature, humidity, and overall air quality in homes, businesses, and other buildings. By providing a climate controlled environment, refrigeration systems make it possible to store and transport food, medicine, and other perishable items. When working on air conditioning and refrigeration systems, technicians must follow government regulations regarding the conservation, recovery, and recycling of refrigerants. This often entails proper handling and disposal of fluids. A growing number of HVACR technicians receive postsecondary instruction from technical and trade schools or community colleges that offer programs in heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration. These programs generally last 6 months to 2 years and lead to a certificate; or in some cases, an associate’s degree.
Thursday, November 19, 2015
Floral designers, also called florists, cut and arrange live, dried, or silk flowers and greenery to make decorative displays. They also help customers select flowers, containers, ribbons, and other accessories. Floral designers may create a single arrangement for a special occasion or design floral displays for rooms and open spaces for large scale functions, such as weddings, funerals, and banquets. They use their sense of artistry and knowledge of different types of flowers to choose the appropriate flowers for each occasion. They need to know what flowers are in season and when they will be available. Many programs in floral design and floriculture are available through private floral schools, vocational schools, and community colleges. Most offer a certificate or diploma. Some community colleges and universities offer an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in floral design.
Wednesday, November 18, 2015
Every year, more and more Americans are utilizing massage therapy for the many health benefits it offers. With increased popularity comes demand for qualified massage therapists. This field offers flexible schedules and hours, active and healthy work environments, and professional growth opportunities. Becoming a licensed massage therapist require an educational program that can last six to twelve months, and you should find one that meets state licensing requirements.
Tuesday, November 17, 2015
Every time someone calls 9-1-1 or is in need of emergency assistance, dispatchers handle the request for appropriate emergency service personnel. They need to stay calm for the person in crisis while obtaining accurate and critical information so that the fire department, police, or medical technicians can respond appropriately. In order to be successful and happy in this career, one must be patient and care about others, while staying cool in the face of adversity. Education in safety procedures and protocol is necessary, and on-the-job training is to be expected for this career.
Monday, November 16, 2015
Graphic designers create visual concepts, by hand or using computer software, to communicate ideas that inspire, inform, or captivate consumers. They help to make an organization recognizable by selecting color, images, or logo designs that represent a particular idea or identity to be used in advertising and promotions. Graphic designers combine art and technology to communicate ideas through images and the layout of web screens and printed pages. They may use a variety of design elements to achieve artistic or decorative effects. They develop the overall layout and production design for advertisements, brochures, magazines, and corporate reports. Graphic designers work with both text and images. They often select the type, font, size, color, and line length of headlines, headings, and text. A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
Friday, November 13, 2015
Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future. In a day in the field, they may use a hammer and chisel to collect rock samples and then use sophisticated radar equipment to search for oil underground. In laboratories, they may use x rays and electron microscopes to determine the chemical and physical composition of rock samples. They also use remote sensing equipment to collect data and advanced geographic information systems (GIS) and modeling software to analyze data. Many geoscientists are involved in the search for and development of natural resources and minerals such as petroleum. Others work in environmental protection and preservation and are involved in projects to clean up and reclaim land. Geoscientists need at least a bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions. A Ph.D. is necessary for most high-level research and college teaching positions. A degree in geosciences is preferred, although degrees in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, or computer science are usually accepted if they include coursework in geology.
Thursday, November 12, 2015
Fashion Designers use hand- or computer-aided sketches to visually represent their vision for apparel. Some designers work alone, but most work for a clothing company. They stay current in recent trends in style, technique, production, and materials. Although formal training is not necessarily required for one's artistic vision, it is very helpful to demonstrate preparation for the field in order for employers to feel confident hiring an aspiring designer to join their team.
Wednesday, November 11, 2015
Every time you have an appointment with your dentist, the doctor examines your teeth, but you spend most of your time getting your teeth cleaned by the dental hygienist. A dental hygienist maintains a high level of care, regarding both your privacy and your medical needs. Dental hygienists have good fine motor skills and are content following rules. The training for a dental hygienist license requires completion of a program that usually meets the requirements for an associates degree. Because people will always have teeth that need to be cleaned, you can count on employment opportunities in this field.
Tuesday, November 10, 2015
Every single purchase you make requires an immense orchestration of services and products, and at each transaction of raw materials, overhead costs, and supplies, someone had to plan to maximize profits by minimizing risk and cost. These people are logisticians, or experts in the logistics of getting things where they need to go. The most visible business logisticians are the corporate account managers at FedEx or UPS, but many companies of their own proprietary logistics divisions. You may enjoy this career and major if you enjoy management, attention to detail, overcoming challenges, and working in the background as part of a team with a common goal.
Monday, November 9, 2015
For those of you who are musically talented, you may wish to consider becoming a professional performer. Professional musicians pursue careers with orchestras, local and nationally touring ensembles, and in popular, jazz, rock, and even liturgical styles. Whatever niche you pursue, you will need many hours of practice and training in order to compete at that level. Music performers often struggle for a long time before making it big; very few musicians are as fortunate as the young stars we hear on the radio or see on TV. Be prepared to make compromises along the way in order to pursue your art.
Friday, November 6, 2015
Forensic science technicians help investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence. Most technicians specialize in either crime scene investigation or laboratory analysis. Forensic science technicians reconstruct crime scenes by carefully studying information gathered by investigators and conducting scientific tests on physical evidence. For example, lab technicians may look at photographs of blood splatter patterns and conduct ballistics tests on bullets found at the crime scene to determine the direction from which a shot was fired. All forensic science technicians prepare written reports that detail their findings and investigative methods. They must be able to explain their reports to lawyers, detectives, and other law enforcement officials. In addition, forensic science technicians may be called to testify in court about their findings and methods.
Thursday, November 5, 2015
Epidemiologists collect and analyze data to investigate health issues. For example, an epidemiologist might collect and analyze demographic data to determine who is at the highest risk for a particular disease. Research epidemiologists typically work for universities. Applied epidemiologists work with governments, addressing health crises directly. The most common problem both types of epidemiologists work on is infectious diseases, but they examine other public health issues, as well. Epidemiologists who work in private industry commonly work for health insurance companies or pharmaceutical companies. Those in non-profit companies often do public advocacy work. Becoming an epidemiologist often requires a master's degree in public health. If this field interests you, take as many courses in biological sciences as you can.
Wednesday, November 4, 2015
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics care for the sick or injured in emergency medical settings. People’s lives often depend on their quick reaction and competent care. EMTs and paramedics respond to emergency calls, performing medical services and transporting patients to medical facilities. Salary and responsibilities increase partially with experience, but mostly with the level of EMT training a paramedic has had completed. Effective EMTs are compassionate, physically fit, and have strong interpersonal and problem-solving skills.
Tuesday, November 3, 2015
Every road and bridge that you see is planned, designed, and maintained by civil engineers. Civil Engineers must take into consideration the natural environment and intended use of physical structures, be they for transportation, industry, or provision of natural resources. They need to find a way to balance current and intended future human use with the geospatial existence of natural structures. Several colleges have civil engineering majors, and it is recommended that you attend one accredited by the American Society of Civil Engineers if this career is appealing to you.
Monday, November 2, 2015
Every business venture requires planning and budgeting. In order to give a client or organization and accurate estimate of the costs involved in a particular project, cost estimators use their knowledge of industrial details and economics to help with that planning. The college majors that apply to being a cost estimator are usually detail-oriented majors like engineering or accounting, but industrial understanding is critical, so it helps to establish expertise in your chosen field with a solid foundation in business, as well.
Friday, October 30, 2015
Biomedical engineers may design instruments, devices, and software; bring together knowledge from many technical sources to develop new procedures; or conduct research needed to solve clinical problems. They often serve a coordinating function, using their background in both engineering and medicine. In industry, they may create products where an in-depth understanding of living systems and technology is essential. They frequently work in research and development or in quality assurance. Biomedical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering from an accredited program to enter the occupation. Alternatively, they can get a bachelor’s degree in a different field of engineering and then either get a graduate degree in biomedical engineering or get on-the-job training in biomedical engineering.
Thursday, October 29, 2015
Despite the abundance of plastics, metals, and other materials, wood products continue to be an important part of our daily lives. Woodworkers make wood products, using lumber and synthetic wood materials. Many of these products are mass produced, including most furniture, kitchen cabinets, and musical instruments. Other products are custom made with specialized tools in small shops. Although the term “woodworker” may evoke the image of a craftsman who builds ornate furniture using hand tools, the modern woodworking trade is highly technical and relies on advanced equipment and highly skilled operators. Workers use automated machinery, such as computerized numerical control (CNC) machines, to do much of the work. Some woodworkers obtain their skills by taking courses at technical schools or community colleges. Others attend universities that offer training in wood technology, furniture manufacturing, wood engineering, and production management. These programs prepare students for jobs in production, supervision, engineering, and management and are increasingly important as woodworking technology advances.
Wednesday, October 28, 2015
Many people are involved in the management of America’s trash, from the local garbage collector to the analytical chemist, but no aspect of waste management poses the challenges faced by hazardous waste professionals. Management of hazardous waste is perhaps the weakest link in America’s dynamic industrial economy, because of the dangers posed by toxic chemicals, nuclear by-products and organic garbage. A career in hazardous waste disposal and management may lead you to a lab, to a landfill, or to Washington, D.C. Several federal agencies deal with hazardous waste, including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Defense, and the Department of Energy. A bachelor’s degree is necessary for this profession and, in today’s competitive job market, a master’s degree or even a doctorate is preferred. Highly sought-after hazardous waste professionals usually specialize in one or more sciences. Major in geology, chemistry, physics, ecology, or any combination of sciences. If you want to specialize, look into soil, air, or water ecology.
Tuesday, October 27, 2015
Lighting designers are tremendous resource for innovative, practical and economically viable lighting solutions. They understand the role of lighting in architecture and interior design and rely on their extensive experience and knowledge of lighting equipment and systems to enhance and strengthen design. In plays and concerts, the lighting designer begins by reading the script to be produced noting the type of light it calls for in each scene. Designer and director share their ideas about how light could be used to enhance the production concept at their first meeting. Early meetings with the set designer are also important because the set and lighting designers must collaborate on how to achieve the desired "look" for the play. The plan for the set may influence the placement and direction of the necessary lighting instruments, so flagging any potential problems in this area as early as possible makes sense.
Lighting designers attend rehearsals to get a feel for the lighting cues and to plan how to light the actors as they move from place to place on stage. When the blocking is set, the lighting designer can start to work out which lighting instruments will be used and where each one will be located. Many lighting designers have degrees in production design.
Monday, October 26, 2015
Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacturing of electrical equipment such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, or power generation equipment. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft. Electronics engineers design and develop electronic equipment such as broadcast and communications systems, from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPS). Many also work in areas closely related to computer hardware. To become an electrical engineer, you should get a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from a program that is accredited by ABET.
Friday, October 23, 2015
Biochemists and biophysicists do applied research and develop products and processes that improve our lives. For example, in medicine, biochemists and biophysicists develop tests used to detect diseases, genetic disorders, and other illnesses. They also develop new drugs and medications, such as those used to treat cancer or Alzheimer’s disease. Applied research in biochemistry and biophysics has many uses outside of medicine. In agriculture, biochemists and biophysicists develop genetically engineered crops that are more resistant to drought, disease, insects, and other afflictions. Biochemists and biophysicists also develop alternative fuels, such as biofuels—renewable energy sources from plants. In addition, they develop ways to protect the environment and clean up pollution. Biochemists and biophysicists need a Ph.D. to work in independent research and development positions. Most Ph.D. holders begin their careers in a temporary postdoctoral research position, which typically lasts 2 to 3 years. Bachelor’s and master’s degree holders are qualified for some entry-level positions in biochemistry and biophysics.
Thursday, October 22, 2015
Construction managers, often called general contractors or project managers, coordinate and supervise a wide variety of projects, including the building of all types of residential, commercial, and industrial structures, roads, bridges, powerplants, schools, and hospitals. They oversee specialized contractors and other personnel. Construction managers schedule and coordinate all design and construction processes to ensure a productive and safe work environment. They also make sure jobs are completed on time and on budget with the right amount of tools, equipment, and materials. Many managers also are responsible for obtaining necessary permits and licenses. They are often responsible for multiple projects at a time. It is increasingly important for construction managers to have a bachelor’s degree in construction science, construction management, architecture or engineering. As construction processes become increasingly complex, employers are placing more importance on specialized education.
Wednesday, October 21, 2015
Librarians help people find information from many sources. Most librarians, such as those in public and academic libraries, maintain library collections and do other work as needed to keep the library running. Most librarians need a master’s degree in library science. Some positions have additional requirements, such as a teaching certificate or a degree in another field.
Tuesday, October 20, 2015
In every conventional working environment, the organization requires at least one administrative assistant to keep the operations running smoothly. Depending on the type of organization, administrative assistants must have anywhere from a high school diploma to a college degree, and are responsible for tasks from greeting customers and answering phones to coordinating a delicately balanced schedule, being ever mindful of many corporate and political pressures. Administrative assistants are the backbone of their workplace, and must be reliable, responsible, efficient, and honest in order to be successful in their positions.
Monday, October 19, 2015
Editors plan, coordinate, and revise material for publication in books, newspapers, magazines, or websites. Editors review story ideas and decide what material will appeal most to readers. They also review and edit drafts of books and articles, offer comments to improve the product, and suggest titles and headlines. In smaller organizations, a single editor may perform all of the editorial duties or share them with only a few other people. Employers generally prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree in communications, journalism, or English. Those with other backgrounds who can show strong writing skills also may find jobs as editors. Editors who deal with specific subject matter may need experience related to that field. Fashion editors, for example, may need expertise in fashion that they get through formal training or work experience.
Thursday, October 15, 2015
Landscape architects plan and design land areas for parks, recreational facilities, highways, airports, and other properties. Projects may include subdivisions and commercial, industrial, and residential sites. People enjoy attractively designed gardens, public parks, playgrounds, residential areas, college campuses, and golf courses. Landscape architects design these areas so that they are not only functional but also beautiful and harmonious with the natural environment. Landscape architects plan the locations of buildings, roads, and walkways. They also plan where to plant flowers, shrubs, and trees. Landscape architects design and plan the restoration of natural places disturbed by humans, such as wetlands, stream corridors, and mined areas. A bachelor's or master's degree in landscape architecture usually is necessary for entry into the profession. In 2011, 68 colleges and universities offered undergraduate or graduate programs in landscape architecture that were accredited by the Landscape Architecture Accreditation Board, part of the American Society of Landscape Architects.
Tuesday, October 13, 2015
Commercial diving and underwater welding career opportunities are exciting and challenging, highly in-demand, and incredibly varied from job to job. You may be working at a nuclear power plant, hydroelectric dam, or wind farm, or water treatment facility, offshore oil rig, or laying underwater fiber optic cables. With the increased innovation for alterative power sources and telecommunications, much of the infrastructure will take place underwater. One training program offers certification in five months, and most graduates begin their careers earning 50-80 thousand dollars a year.
Monday, October 12, 2015
Economists apply economic analysis to issues within a variety of fields, such as education, health, development, and the environment. They research and analyze data using a variety of software programs, including spreadsheets, statistical analysis, and database management programs. More than half of all economists work in federal, state, and local government. Federal government economists collect and analyze data about the U.S. economy. They also project spending needs and inform policy makers on the economic impact of laws and regulations. Many economists work for corporations and help them understand how the economy will affect their business. Specifically, economists may analyze issues such as consumer demand and sales to help a company maximize its profits. Students can pursue an advanced degree in economics with a bachelor’s degree in a number of fields, but a strong background in math is essential.
Friday, October 9, 2015
Automotive service technicians and mechanics, often called service technicians or service techs, inspect, maintain, and repair cars and light trucks. Service technicians work on traditional mechanical components, such as engines, transmissions, belts, and hoses. However, they must also be familiar with a growing number of electronic systems. Braking, transmission, and steering systems, for example, are controlled primarily by computers and electronic components. Other integrated electronic systems, such as accident-avoidance sensors, are becoming common as well. In addition, a growing number of technicians are required to work on vehicles that run on alternative fuels, such as ethanol and electricity. Service technicians use many different tools, including computerized diagnostic tools and power tools such as pneumatic wrenches, lathes, welding torches, and jacks and hoists. Completing a vocational or other postsecondary training program in automotive service technology is considered the best preparation for entry-level positions. Programs usually last 6 months to a year and provide intensive career preparation through classroom instruction and hands-on practice. Short-term certificate programs in a particular skill are also available.
Thursday, October 8, 2015
Interpreters convert information from one spoken language into another—or, in the case of sign language interpreters, between spoken language and sign language. Interpreters must usually be fluent speakers or signers of both languages because they communicate back and forth among the people who do not share each other's language. Simultaneous interpreting requires interpreters to listen or watch and speak or sign at the same time someone is speaking or signing. Simultaneous interpreting requires a high level of concentration. Simultaneous interpreters are often familiar with the subject matter so they can anticipate the end of a speaker's sentences. In contrast, consecutive interpreting begins only after the speaker has said or signed a group of words or sentences. Although interpreters and translators typically need a bachelor’s degree, the most important requirement is that they be fluent in English and at least one other language.
Wednesday, October 7, 2015
Do you remember how difficult middle school was? Can you imagine how difficult it is for the teachers to keep 6th, 7th, and 8th graders focused on their growth, despite the many overwhelming changes that students experience? Middle schoolers are at a unique moment in their physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development. At the same time, there are critical skills that they must learn to be successful in high school and beyond, and it takes a special kind of teacher to help students come through this time successfully. Some colleges and states have middle-level specific certifications and training programs. If you have lots of patience and care about the well being of future generations, please consider a career in middle school education.
Tuesday, October 6, 2015
Broadcast and sound engineering technicians set up, operate, and maintain the electrical equipment for radio and television broadcasts, concerts, sound recordings, and movies and in office and school buildings. These workers may be called broadcast or sound engineering technicians or operators or engineers. At smaller radio and television stations, broadcast and sound technicians may do many jobs. At larger stations, they are likely to specialize more, although even their job assignments may change from day to day. They set up and operate audio and video equipment, although the kind of equipment they use may depend on the particular type of technician or industry. Most broadcast and sound engineering technicians have an associate’s degree or vocational certification, available at institutions like CCBC and Sheffield Institute.
Monday, October 5, 2015
Diagnostic medical sonographers use special imaging equipment that directs sound waves into a patient’s body (in a procedure commonly known as an ultrasound, sonogram, or echocardiogram) to assess and diagnose various medical conditions. Diagnostic ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the inside of the body. The sonographer presses an instrument called an ultrasound transducer to the parts of the patient’s body that are being examined. The transducer emits pulses of sound that bounce back, causing echoes. The echoes are then sent to the ultrasound machine, which processes them and displays them as images. Colleges and universities offer both associate’s and bachelor’s degree programs in sonography.
Friday, October 2, 2015
Audiologists use audiometers, computers, and other devices to test patients' hearing ability and balance, determine the extent of hearing damage, and identify the underlying cause. Audiologists measure the volume at which a person begins to hear sounds and the person's ability to distinguish between sounds. Also, before determining treatment options, they evaluate psychological information to measure the impact of hearing loss on a patient. Treatment options vary and may include cleaning wax out of ear canals, fitting and checking hearing aids, or fitting and programming the patient with cochlear implants to improve hearing. (Cochlear implants are tiny devices that are placed under the skin near the ear in an operation. Cochlear implants deliver electrical impulses directly to the auditory nerve in the brain so a person with certain types of deafness can hear.) Audiologists also counsel patients on other ways to cope with profound hearing loss, such as by learning to lip read or use American Sign Language. The doctoral degree in audiology is a graduate program typically lasting 4 years beyond a bachelor’s degree in any field.
Thursday, October 1, 2015
Chiropractors treat patients with health problems of the musculoskeletal system, which is made up of bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. They use spinal manipulation and other techniques to treat patients' ailments, such as back or neck pain. Many believe that misalignments of the spinal joints interfere with a person's nervous system and can result in lower resistance to disease and many different conditions of diminished health. Some chiropractors use additional procedures, such as acupuncture, massage therapy, and ultrasound. They also may apply supports, such as straps, tape, braces, or shoe inserts, to treat patients and alleviate pain. In addition to operating a general chiropractic practice, some chiropractors specialize in sports injuries, neurology, orthopedics, pediatrics, nutrition, internal disorders, or diagnostic imaging. Becoming a chiropractor requires earning a Doctor of Chiropractic degree and getting a state license. Doctor of Chiropractic programs take 4 years to complete and require 3 years of previous undergraduate college education for admission.
Wednesday, September 30, 2015
As long as our society values outer confidence and feeling like we are looking our best, people will flock to hairdressers, barbers, nail salons, and other beautification businesses. Aestheticians are trained and state-certified to learn industry-standard techniques that are both sanitary and effective. Highly skilled aestheticians are also talented at establishing and maintaining meaningful relationships, as your best clients are those who feel comfortable coming back to you time after time. Aestheticians require specialized training after high school.
Tuesday, September 29, 2015
Airline companies are required by law to provide flight attendants for the safety and security of passengers. The primary job of flight attendants is to keep passengers safe and to ensure that everyone follows security regulations. Flight attendants also try to make flights comfortable and enjoyable for passengers. Flight attendants work primarily in the cabin of an airplane. Although they enjoy much free time and many travel benefits, flight attendants’ work can be strenuous. Flight attendants stand during much of the flight and must remain pleasant, regardless of passenger demands or their own fatigue. Occasionally, flight attendants must deal with turbulence, which can make service more difficult and causes anxiety in some passengers. Applicants with a degree in hospitality, tourism, public relations, or communications may have an advantage over others. Most airlines also require 1 to 2 years of customer-service experience. Those who work on international flights may have to speak a foreign language fluently in addition to English.
Monday, September 28, 2015
Detectives help solve crimes. They are usually promoted from the role of police officer, and require more leadership, insight, and investigative skills and interests than the daily requirements of an officer on patrol. Because of the complex nature and sometimes morally challenging tasks in detective work, it is crucial that an aspiring police officer or detective have a strong ethical decision making and have demonstrated wisdom in other capacities. The training usually involves the typical police academy, with more coursework in criminal justice.
Friday, September 25, 2015
Arborists are excellent problem solvers. They are well educated about the botany of numerous species of trees and the unique needs of each one. Arborists also take into consideration the life cycle of each tree, and its symbiosis with the organisms in its immediate ecosystem, including humans. With the inescapable power and telecommunications lines placed both overhead and underground, a talented arborist must effectively plan and maintain the planting and growth of just the right type of tree for a client's purposes. Arborists are both artists and scientists.
Thursday, September 24, 2015
Database administrators, often called DBAs, make sure that data analysts can easily use the database to find the information they need and that the system performs as it should. DBAs sometimes work with an organization’s management to understand the company’s data needs and to plan the goals of the database. Database administrators often plan security measures, making sure that data are secure from unauthorized access. Many databases contain personal or financial information, making security important. Database administrators are responsible for backing up systems in case of a power outage or other disaster. They also ensure the integrity of the database, guaranteeing that the data stored in it come from reliable sources. Most database administrators have a bachelor’s degree in management information systems (MIS) or a computer-related field.
Tuesday, September 22, 2015
A specialist physician is trained and certified in a specific field and the range of options for specialization is seemingly endless. Examples of specialist physicians include cardiologist, pediatrician, emergency medicine specialist, gynecologist, general surgeon, internal medicine specialist, and neurologist. The educational path of a specialist physician is much like that of a general practitioner. An undergraduate degree, medical school, internship, and residency training are usual requirements. In addition to this, specialist physicians must undergo intensive training in their chosen specialty, and acquire a license in this field. The duration of this training depends on the physician's field and level of specialty.
Monday, September 21, 2015
Composers write music of all types - works of classical distinction, pop ballads, jingles for advertising, or background music for stage, television, and film. It takes lots of patience and a willingness to receive constructive criticism in order to stay in the music industry, and it will be beneficial to have the training and coursework that comes with a bachelor's degree in music composition in order to assist in your success as a composer. Be prepared to master numerous instruments in order to artfully arrange your compositions.
Friday, September 18, 2015
Airline and commercial pilots fly and navigate airplanes or helicopters. Airline pilots fly for airlines that transport people and cargo on a fixed schedule. Commercial pilots fly aircraft for other reasons, such as charter flights, rescue operations, firefighting, aerial photography, and crop dusting. Many pilots learn to fly in the military, but a growing number now earn an associate’s or bachelor’s degree from a civilian flying school. All pilots who are paid to transport passengers or cargo must have a commercial pilot's license and an instrument rating. To qualify for a commercial pilot’s license, applicants must be at least 18 years old and have at least 250 hours of flight experience.
Thursday, September 17, 2015
Computer programmers are in high demand, and the demand will only increase as our economy grows more reliant upon technology. They write code in a language that is standard for their industry, but responsible programmers stay up-to-date on the most current and emerging trends, as the field continues to evolve. In addition to being incredible strong in math and science, the best computer programmers are also creative, flexible, and good listeners, as they will need to produce a product that meets the demand of the user, as specified by their employers or clients.